How the Prague medical Faculties were formed in the Czech Republic
Establishment of medical faculties in Prague. Charles University was founded in 1348 by Charles IV and had only 4 faculties: artistic (now philosophical), legal, theological and “general medical faculty”.
In 1953 , the Faculty of Medicine of Charles University was divided into 3 autonomous faculties:
- Faculty of General Medicine 1.LF UK (faculty remained in the same place in the center of Prague)
- Faculty of Pediatric Medicine in Prague 2.LF UK (faculty is based in the largest hospital in Prague Motol)
- Medical Hygiene Faculty in Prague 3.LF UK (Prague-10).
Even later, medical faculties appeared in Pilsen and Hradce-Kralove.
History of the 1st Medical Faculty in Prague
1.LF UK is the oldest faculty in the heart of Prague, the faculty from which the whole history of Central European medicine began.
In 1990, the Faculty of “General Medicine” of Charles University was renamed to the 1st Faculty of Medicine and remained in the center of Prague. Medical students study in the very old buildings in which the whole history of Central European medicine began — Karlovo náměstí (Charles IV Square), I.P Pavlova metro station (one station from the Czech National Museum).
Pelican feeding chicks with its bleeding breast – as a symbol of selflessness in medicine
How to enroll in the 1st medical faculty in Prague?
To enroll in general medicine or dentistry, you need to write a test in three subjects: chemistry, physics, biology (each subject has 70 questions) and have a certificate of knowledge of Czech almost at the level of a native speaker.
The percentage of admission to Master’s programs 1.LF UK is one of the largest among Prague medical faculties and in recent years has been about 23%-45%.
Graduates of 1.LF UK are highly valued, like all graduates of the medical faculties of Charles University, they have a lot of employment opportunities both in the Czech Republic and abroad.
2.LF UK — Faculty of Pediatrics in Prague
Establishment of medical faculties in Prague. In 1953, the Faculty of Pediatrics in Prague became autonomous, and students studied in the old building of the Children’s Hospital on Charles IV Square — it became the faculty hospital of the Faculty of Pediatrics.
In the 90s, the “pediatric faculty” in the Czech Republic, together with the Faculty Children’s Hospital, moved to Motol (Prague district 5), where it is located to this day. Motol Hospital in Prague is a faculty hospital 2.LF UK. Motol Hospital is one of the largest hospitals not only in the Czech Republic, but also in Europe. In 1991, the Faculty of Pediatrics in Prague was renamed 2.LF UK, as we now know it.
2.LF UK Faculty of Medicine offers Bachelor’s degree programs:
- assistant radiologist,
- nursing in pediatrics,
- physical therapy
with a period of study of 3 years of study.
And master’s degree programs: general medicine — 6 years of study.
How to enroll in the 2nd Medical Faculty in Prague?
2.LF UK is one of the most difficult faculties to enter, because it has 2 rounds:
Round 1 — writing a test in chemistry, biology and physics plus a logic test
Round 2 — an oral interview in Czech, where a commission of doctors will ask your opinion on the topic of medical ethics.
History of the Third Medical Faculty in Prague
Establishment of medical faculties in Prague. From the very beginning, the third Medical Faculty specialized in such educational branches as “hygiene” and “preventive medicine”: this explains the original name of 3.LF UK — “Hygiene Faculty” in Prague.
On the one hand, this specialization made it possible to develop areas of hygiene in medicine, but at the same time limited graduates of the faculty in their practical application in clinical fields.
In 1970, the curriculum was revised, which was now mainly oriented towards general medicine, nevertheless, the emphasis on preventive medicine was left as an advantage over other medical faculties in the Czech Republic. In 1990, the “Hygiene faculty” was renamed to the 3rd Medical Faculty.
The faculty offers bachelor’s degree programs: (Nursing, Physiotherapy, Dietetics, oral hygiene) — 3 years of study.
And Master’s degree programs: General Medicine (in Czech and English) — 6 years of study.
How to enroll in the 3rd Medical Faculty in Prague?
The peculiarity of admission to 3.LF UK is that the faculty does not issue a collection of test questions (modelové otázky), which complicates admission — thus the third medical faculty in Prague checks the applicant’s real knowledge.
Round 1: written test in chemistry (30 questions), biology (30 questions) and physics (30 questions) for 3 hours.
Round 2: oral interview in Czech, where a commission of doctors will discuss with you issues of medical ethics. It is not your level of Czech that is being evaluated, but your ability to reason and defend your position.