Basic phrases in czech
A collection of useful phrases in Czech, a Western Slavic language spoken mainly in the Czech Republic.
Basic czech phrases for travelers
- YES = ANO (ano)
- NO = NE (ne)
- PLEASE = PROSÍM (proseem)
- THANK YOU = DEvKUJI VAM (dyekooyi vam)
- GOOD MORNING = DOBRÉ RÁNO (dobrye rano)
- GOOD AFTERNOON = DOBRÉ ODPOLEDNE (dobrye odpoledne)
- GOOD NIGHT = DOBROU NOC (dobroh nots)
- HELLO = DOBRY’ DEN (dobree den)
- GOOD-BYE = NA SHLEDANOU (nas-khledanow)
- WHAT IS YOUR NAME? = JAK SE JMENUJETE? (yak se menooyete)
- MY NAME IS… = JMENUJI SE… (menooyi se)
- HOW ARE YOU? = JAK SE MÁTE? (jak se mahte )
- FINE THANKS, AND YOU? = DEvKUJI DOBRvE, A VY? (dyekooyi dobrzhe, a vi)
- I UNDERSTAND. = ROZUMÍM (rozoomeem)
- I DON’T UNDERSTAND. = NEROZUMÍM. (nerozoomeem)
- DO YOU SPEAK ENGLISH? = MLUVÍTE ANGLICKY? (mlooveete anglitskee)
- I DON’T SPEAK CZECH. = NEMLUVÍM CvESKY. (nemlooveem chehskee)
- NICE TO MEET YOU = Těší mě. (tyeh-sheee mnyeh)
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If you learn nothing else, try these phrases:
- Prosím (pro-seem) = Possibly the most useful word in Czech. It means: 1) Please, 2) Here you are, 3) You’re welcome, 4) What did you say?, 5) I’ll have … and can generally be used in times of doubt.
- Děkuju (dyeh-kooyoo) = Thank you
- Ano (ah-noh) = Yes. Ano is often shortened to no, sometimes resulting in cross-language confusion.
- Ne (neh) = No. Fairly straightforward and direct.
- Dobrý den (dob-ree den) = Hello, Good afternoon.
- Nashledanou (nus-hle-dah-no) Good bye.
- Ahoj (ah-hoy) = Hi. or Bye. Much like Aloha this word can be used both when meeting and leaving. You will often hear Czechs saying hi while waving you goodbye. Čau is another informal equivalent.
- Kde je toaleta? (kdeh yeh toh-ah-le-ta) Where is the bathroom? Obviously useful but getting you into the realm of phrases where you need to understand the answer.
- Kolik to stojí? (koh-leek toh stoh-yee) How much is it? Ditto.
- Co je to? (tso yeh toh) What is it? This phrase is especially useful to expand your vocabulary.
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ENGLISH = CZECH (PRONUNCIATION). Basic phrases of the Czech language for tourists.
- How do you do (exactly ‘Good day’) = Dobry den (dobree den)
- Good morning = Dobre rano (dobreh rahno)
- Good evening = Dobry vecer (dobree vecher)
- Good night = Dobrou noc (dobrow nots)
- Goodbye = Na shledanou (naskhedanow)
- Please = Prosim (proseem)
- Thank You = Dekuji (dyekuyi)
- Excuse me = S dovolenim (s dovolenyeem)
- I´m sorry = Lituji (lituyi)
- Excuse me = Prominte (promintey)
- Yes = Ano (ano)
- No = Ne (neh)
- Do you speak English? = Mluvite anglicky? (mluveete anglitsky?)
- I don’t understand = Nerozumim (nerozumeem)
- Please, write it down = Prosim napiste to (proseem napishte to)
- Where is (a bank) = Kde je (kde ye) banka (banka)
- Currency exchange = Smenarna (smnyenahrna)
- Bathroom = Toaleta, Zachod (toaleta, zahkod)
- Men = Muzi, Pani (muzhi, pahnyi)
- Women = Zeny, Damy (zheny, dahmy)
- How much does it cost? = Kolik to stoji (kolik to stoyee)
- Waiter! = Pane vrchni! (pane vrkhnyee)
- One beer, please = Jedno pivo prosim (yedno pivo proseem)
- Waitress! = Slecno! (slechno)
- The check, please! = Platit, prosim (platyit proseem.)
Auniversal Czech word: prosim
The Czech word prosim can be used in many situations. Note:
- The most common use: Dékuju/Dékyji. – Prosim. Thank you. – You’re welcome.
- In a restaurant: Prosim, pivo. Beer, please.
- Your telephone rings. You pick up the receiver and say: Prosim? Yes?
- You are addressed by a shop assistant: Prosim? Can | help you?
- You misunderstand your partner. You ask him or her: Prosim? Pardon?
- You meet someone by a door and want to let him or her pass first: Prosim. Please.
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